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Краткая биография гоголя на английском – Н.В.Гоголь(биография на английском языке) | Социальная сеть работников образования

Краткая биография гоголя на английскомпомогите пожалуйста!

Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was born on 20 March 1809 in the village of Sorochyntsi. It was situated in Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire. Now this territory belongs to Ukraine. The ancestors of Gogol’s mother were Polish landowners. It is known that his father, Vasily Gogol-Yanovsky, composed poetry both in Russian and Ukrainian.  He died when Nikolai was fifteen years old. The whole family spoke both Ukrainian and Russian. When Nikolai was a child he helped his uncle with various plays in his home theater.

From 1820 to 1828 Gogol studied at a school of higher art which was located in Nizhyn. At that time he started to write. Gogol did not have many friends at school and some of his classmates called him “mysterious dwarf”. At the same time two or three of his schoolmates became his close friends.

At an early age Gogol developed taciturn temperament which was expressed by distressing self-consciousness and infinite ambition. He additionally developed a faculty for mimicry. Consequently Gogol became an incomparable reader of his writings and had an idea to be an actor.

In 1828 he left the school and moved to St Petersburg. Gogol dreamt of being literary celebrity and brought with him a poem Hans Kuchelgarten. It was later published entitled “V. Alov”. Gogol sent his work to different magazines but most of them ridiculed it. Afterwards he bought all the magazines and destroyed them. After that Gogol swore that he’d never begin writing again.

In 1831Gogol presented Ukrainian stories (Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka). This work was a great success. In a year he presented the second volume of these stories. In 1835 two volumes were in the collection of stories called Mirgorod. During this time Russian critics saw in Gogol the emergence of a Ukrainian, rather than Russian. Afterwards his writings were used for illustrating differences between Ukrainian and Russian national characters. At the same time Gogol became interested in Ukrainian history. He tried to get a job at the history department at Kiev University. The Russian minister of education and Pushkin tried to help him but eventually Gogol couldn’t obtain an appointment at this university.

Gogol’s interest in history was an incitement to him to write a fictional story Taras Bulba where he described Ukrainian Cossacks. At this time Gogol became friends with Mykhaylo Maksymovych who was a naturalist and historian. In 1834 he became Professor of Medieval History at the University of St. Petersburg.

From 1832 to 1836 Gogol worked hard and during this time he was in touch with Pushkin. In April 1836 he presented his comedy The Government Inspector (Revizor). This work was an enormous success and after this event other Russian critics such as Vissarion Belinsky and Stepan Shevyrev reclassified Gogol from a Ukrainian to a Russian writer.

Between 1836 and 1848 Gogol travelled abroad. His tour included a visit to Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy and other countries. In the winter of 1836-1837 Gogol stayed in Paris where he was in touch with Polish exiles and Russian expatriates. He spent a lot of time with the Polish poets Bohdan Zalesky and Adam Mickievicz. Gogol finally moved to Rome where he spent most of his twelve years from 1836. He became interested in Italian literature, opera and art. In 1838 Gogol made the acquaintance of Count Ioseph Vielhorskiy who was 23 years old. He suffered from tuberculosis and Gogol tried to help him but Vielhorskiy died in a year.

In 1837 Pushkin died and this event made a lasting impression on Gogol.  After Pushkin’s death his main work was the satirical epic Dead Souls. At the same time Gogol amended The Portrait and Taras Bulba. Moreover he wrote the second comedy Marriage (Zhenitba) and started working on his noted short story, The Overcoat.

In 1841 Gogol completed the first part of Dead Souls and brought it to Russia. This work was presented in 1842. The censorship insisted on renaming of the book. Eventually it was entitled The Adventures of Chichikov. This work made Gogol famous.

Gogol spent his last years travelling throughout the country. He also spent a lot of time with his friends such as Osyp Bodiansky, Sergei Aksakov, Maksymovych and others. His health declined. In February 1852 Gogol destroyed some of his manuscripts including the second part of Dead Souls. 9 days later he died. Gogol was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.

dvoechka.com

Английский ( Топики/Сочинения ): Nikolai Gogol - Николай Гоголь

   После ознакомления с содержанием Топика ( Сочинения ) по теме "Знаменитые Люди"   Советуем каждому из вас обратить внимание на дополнительные материалы. Большинство из наших топиков содержат дополнительные вопросы по тексту и наиболее интересные слова текста. Отвечая на не сложные вопросы по тексту вы сможете максимально осмыслить содержание Топика ( Сочинения ) и если вам необходимо написать собственное Сочинение по теме  "Знаменитые Люди" у вас возникнет минимум сложностей.

   Если у вас возникают вопросы по прочтению отдельных слов вы можете дважды нажать на непонятное слово и в нижнем левом углу в форме перевода есть отдельная кнопка которая позволит вам услышать непосредственно произношение слова. Или также вы можете пройти к разделу  Правила Чтения Английского Языка и найти ответ на возникший вопрос.

 


 

Nikolai Gogol

   Nikolai Gogol was born in Sorochintsi, Ukraine, and grew up on his parent's country estate. His real surname was Ianovskii, but the writer's grandfather had taken the name "Gogol" to claim a nobel Cossack ancestry. Gogol's father was an educated and gifted man, who wrote plays, poems, and sketches.
   Gogol started write while in high school. He attended Poltava boarding school (1819-1821) and Nezhyn high school (1821-1828). In 1829 he mowed to St. Petersburg. Gogol worked at minor governmental jobs and wrote occasionally for periodicals. Between the years 1831 and 1834 he taught history at the Patriotic Institute and worked as a private tutor.

   In 1831, Gogol met Aleksander Pushkin who greatly influenced his choice of literary material, especially his "Dikan'ka Tales", which were based on Ukrainian folklore. Their friendship lasted until the great poet's death. In 1835, Gogol became a full-time writer.
   Under the title "Mirgorod" (1835) Gogol published a new collection of stories. The book included the famous historical tale "Taras Bulba", which showed the influence of Walter Scott. The protagonist is a strong, heroic character, not very typical for the author's later cavalcade of bureaucrats, lunatics, swindlers, and losers.
   "St. Petersburg Stories" (1835) examined disorders of mind and social relationships. "The Nose" was about a man who loses his nose and which tries to live its own life. In "Nevski Prospect" a talented artist falls in love with a tender poetic beauty who turns out to be a prostitute and commits suicide when his dreams are shattered. "The Diary of a Madman" asked why is it that "all the best things in life, they all go to the Equerries or the generals?" "The Overcoat" contrasted humility and meekness with the rudeness of the "important personage".
   Gogol published in 1836 several stories in Pushkin's journal "Sovremennik" and in the same year appeared his famous play, "The Inspector General". It told a simple tale of a young civil servant, Khlestakov, who finds himself stranded in a small provincial town. By mistake, he is taken by the local officials to be a government inspector, who is visiting their province incognito. Khlestakov happily adapts to his new role and exploits the situation, but then arrives the real inspector.
   Its first stage production was in St. Petersburg, given in the presence of the tsar. The tsar, as he left his box after the premiere, dropped the comment: "Hmm, what a play! Gets at everyone, and most of all at me!" Gogol, who was always sensitive about reaction to his work, fled Russia for Western Europe. He visited Germany, Switzerland, and France and settled then in Rome. He also made a pilgrimage to Palestine in 1848.
  In Rome Gogol wrote his major work, "The Dead Souls". Gogol claimed that the story was suggested by Pushkin in a conversation in 1835. It depicted the adventures Pavel Ivanovich Chichikov, who arrives in a provincial town to buy "dead souls", dead serfs. By selling these "souls" with a cheaply-bought lands, Chichikov planned to make a huge profit. He meets local landowners and departs in a hurry, when rumours start spread about him.
   Except for short visits to Russia in 1839-1840 and 1841-1842, Gogol was abroad for twelve years. The first edition of Gogol's collected works was published in 1842. It made him one of the most popular Russian writers. Two years before his return, Gogol had published "Selected Passages from Correspondence with Friends" (1847), in which he upheld the autocratic tsarist regime and the patriarchal Russian way of life. The book arose disappointment among radicals who had seen Gogol's works as examples of social criticism. In the play "Marriage" (1842) nearly everybody lies and the protagonist cannot make up his mind about marriage. He hesitates, agrees, then withdraws his promise.
   In his later life Gogol came under influence of a fanatical priest, Father Konstantinovskii, and burned sequels for "Dead Souls", just 10 days before he died on the verge of madness on the 4th of March, 1852. Gogol had refused to take any food and various remedies were employed to make him eat. Rumors arise from time to time that Gogol was buried alive.


Николай Гоголь

   Николай Гоголь родился в Сорочинцах, на Украине, и рос в родительском загородном имении. Его настоящая фамилия Ивановский, но дедушка писателя взял фамилию «Гоголь», чтобы подчеркнуть свое благородное казацкое происхождение. Отец Гоголя был человеком образованным и талантливым, он писал пьесы, стихотворения и зарисовки.
   Гоголь начал писать еще в школе. Он учился в школе в Полтаве (1819-1821) и в Нежине (1821-1828). В 1829 году он переехал в Санкт-Петербурге. Гоголь работал на второстепенных государственных должностях и время от времени писал для периодики. В период между 1831 и 1834 годами он преподавал историю в Патриотическом Институте и давал частные уроки.
   В 1831 г. Гоголь встретился с Александром Пушкиным, который серьезно повлиял на писателя в выборе литературного материала, особенно — «Вечеров на хуторе близ Диканьки», основанных на украинском фольклоре. Их дружба продолжалась до смерти великого поэта. В 1835 Гоголь вплотную занялся писательской деятельностью.

   Под названием «Миргород» (1835) Гоголь опубликовал новый сборник рассказов. В книгу вошла и историческая повесть «Тарас Бульба», в которой заметно влияние Вальтера Скотта. Главный герой — сильный, героический персонаж, не очень характерный для более поздних работ автора, где отображаются бюрократы, безумцы, плуты и неудачники.
   «Петербургские рассказы» (1835) исследовали человеческие отклонения, умственные и социальные. «Нос» был написан о человеке, который потерял свой нос, живущий теперь своей жизнью. В «Невском проспекте» талантливый художник влюбляется в красавицу, которая оказывается проституткой, его мечты разбиваются вдребезги, и он кончает жизнь самоубийством. В «Дневнике сумасшедшего» автор спрашивает, почему «все лучшее в жизни достается конюшим или генералам?». «Шинель» противопоставляет покорность и кротость маленького человека грубости «важной персоны».
   В 1836 г. Гоголь опубликовал несколько рассказов в журнале Пушкина «Современник», в этом, же году выходит и знаменитая пьеса «Ревизор». В ней рассказывается история одного молодого чиновника, Хлестакова, который оказался в небольшом провинциальном городке без гроша. Местные чиновники по ошибке принимают его за государственного инспектора, который приехал в провинцию инкогнито. Хлестаков благополучно вживается в свою новую роль и пользуется ситуацией, но тут приезжает настоящий ревизор.
   Первая постановка «Ревизора» прошла в Санкт-Петербурге в присутствии царя. После премьеры царь, выходя из ложи, сказал: «Гм, что за пьеса! Всех высмеивает, и более всех — меня!». Гоголь, который всегда был очень чувствителен к отзывам о своем творчестве, уехал из России в Западную Европу. Он побывал в Германии, Швейцарии и Франции, а затем поселился в Риме. Он также совершил паломничество в Палестину в 1848 г.
   В Риме Гоголь написал свою главную книгу — «Мертвые души». Гоголь утверждал, что идею написания этой книги ему предложил в 1835 году в беседе Пушкин. В книге рассказывается об авантюристе Павле Ивановиче Чичикове, который приехал в провинциальный городок, чтобы купить «мертвые души» — умерших крепостных. Продавая эти «души» и земли, которые были дешево куплены, Чичиков планировал получить огромную прибыль. Он встречается с местными землевладельцами и немедленно уезжает, когда о нем начинают распространяться слухи.
   Не считая недолгого пребывания в России в 1839-1840 и 1841-1842 годах, Гоголь прожил за рубежом 12 лет. Первое издание сочинений Гоголя было опубликовано в 1842 г. Эта книга сделала его одним из самых популярных писателей России. За два года до своего возвращения в Россию Гоголь издал «Избранные отрывки из переписки с друзьями» (1847), где поддерживал царское самодержавие и патриархальный жизненный уклад России. Книга вызывала разочарование радикалов, которые видели в произведениях Гоголя образец социальной критики. В пьесе «Женитьба» (1842) почти все врут, и главный герой не может определиться с женитьбой. Он колеблется, соглашается, потом изменяет свое решение.
  В последние годы жизни Гоголь находился под влиянием священника отца Константиновского. Он сжег продолжение «Мертвых душ» за десять дней до своей смерти, 4 марта 1852 года, находясь на грани безумия. Гоголь отказывался принимать пищу, его пытались кормить насильно. До сих пор появляются слухи о том, что Гоголя похоронили живым.

www.english-lessons-online.ru

Краткая биография гоголя на английскомпомогите пожалу... -reshimne.ru

Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was born on 20 March 1809 in the village of Sorochyntsi. It was situated in Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire. Now this territory belongs to Ukraine. The ancestors of Gogol’s mother were Polish landowners. It is known that his father, Vasily Gogol-Yanovsky, composed poetry both in Russian and Ukrainian.  He died when Nikolai was fifteen years old. The whole family spoke both Ukrainian and Russian. When Nikolai was a child he helped his uncle with various plays in his home theater.

From 1820 to 1828 Gogol studied at a school of higher art which was located in Nizhyn. At that time he started to write. Gogol did not have many friends at school and some of his classmates called him “mysterious dwarf”. At the same time two or three of his schoolmates became his close friends.

At an early age Gogol developed taciturn temperament which was expressed by distressing self-consciousness and infinite ambition. He additionally developed a faculty for mimicry. Consequently Gogol became an incomparable reader of his writings and had an idea to be an actor.

In 1828 he left the school and moved to St Petersburg. Gogol dreamt of being literary celebrity and brought with him a poem Hans Kuchelgarten. It was later published entitled “V. Alov”. Gogol sent his work to different magazines but most of them ridiculed it. Afterwards he bought all the magazines and destroyed them. After that Gogol swore that he’d never begin writing again.

In 1831Gogol presented Ukrainian stories (Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka). This work was a great success. In a year he presented the second volume of these stories. In 1835 two volumes were in the collection of stories called Mirgorod. During this time Russian critics saw in Gogol the emergence of a Ukrainian, rather than Russian. Afterwards his writings were used for illustrating differences between Ukrainian and Russian national characters. At the same time Gogol became interested in Ukrainian history. He tried to get a job at the history department at Kiev University. The Russian minister of education and Pushkin tried to help him but eventually Gogol couldn’t obtain an appointment at this university.

Gogol’s interest in history was an incitement to him to write a fictional story Taras Bulba where he described Ukrainian Cossacks. At this time Gogol became friends with Mykhaylo Maksymovych who was a naturalist and historian. In 1834 he became Professor of Medieval History at the University of St. Petersburg.

From 1832 to 1836 Gogol worked hard and during this time he was in touch with Pushkin. In April 1836 he presented his comedy The Government Inspector (Revizor). This work was an enormous success and after this event other Russian critics such as Vissarion Belinsky and Stepan Shevyrev reclassified Gogol from a Ukrainian to a Russian writer.

Between 1836 and 1848 Gogol travelled abroad. His tour included a visit to Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy and other countries. In the winter of 1836-1837 Gogol stayed in Paris where he was in touch with Polish exiles and Russian expatriates. He spent a lot of time with the Polish poets Bohdan Zalesky and Adam Mickievicz. Gogol finally moved to Rome where he spent most of his twelve years from 1836. He became interested in Italian literature, opera and art. In 1838 Gogol made the acquaintance of Count Ioseph Vielhorskiy who was 23 years old. He suffered from tuberculosis and Gogol tried to help him but Vielhorskiy died in a year.

In 1837 Pushkin died and this event made a lasting impression on Gogol.  After Pushkin’s death his main work was the satirical epic Dead Souls. At the same time Gogol amended The Portrait and Taras Bulba. Moreover he wrote the second comedy Marriage (Zhenitba) and started working on his noted short story, The Overcoat.

In 1841 Gogol completed the first part of Dead Souls and brought it to Russia. This work was presented in 1842. The censorship insisted on renaming of the book. Eventually it was entitled The Adventures of Chichikov. This work made Gogol famous.

Gogol spent his last years travelling throughout the country. He also spent a lot of time with his friends such as Osyp Bodiansky, Sergei Aksakov, Maksymovych and others. His health declined. In February 1852 Gogol destroyed some of his manuscripts including the second part of Dead Souls. 9 days later he died. Gogol was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.

reshimne.ru

краткая биография гоголя на английскомпомогите пожалуйста!

Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was born on 20 March 1809 in the village of Sorochyntsi. It was situated in Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire. Now this territory belongs to Ukraine. The ancestors of Gogol’s mother were Polish landowners. It is known that his father, Vasily Gogol-Yanovsky, composed poetry both in Russian and Ukrainian.  He died when Nikolai was fifteen years old. The whole family spoke both Ukrainian and Russian. When Nikolai was a child he helped his uncle with various plays in his home theater.

From 1820 to 1828 Gogol studied at a school of higher art which was located in Nizhyn. At that time he started to write. Gogol did not have many friends at school and some of his classmates called him “mysterious dwarf”. At the same time two or three of his schoolmates became his close friends.

At an early age Gogol developed taciturn temperament which was expressed by distressing self-consciousness and infinite ambition. He additionally developed a faculty for mimicry. Consequently Gogol became an incomparable reader of his writings and had an idea to be an actor.

In 1828 he left the school and moved to St Petersburg. Gogol dreamt of being literary celebrity and brought with him a poem Hans Kuchelgarten. It was later published entitled “V. Alov”. Gogol sent his work to different magazines but most of them ridiculed it. Afterwards he bought all the magazines and destroyed them. After that Gogol swore that he’d never begin writing again.

In 1831Gogol presented Ukrainian stories (Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka). This work was a great success. In a year he presented the second volume of these stories. In 1835 two volumes were in the collection of stories called Mirgorod. During this time Russian critics saw in Gogol the emergence of a Ukrainian, rather than Russian. Afterwards his writings were used for illustrating differences between Ukrainian and Russian national characters. At the same time Gogol became interested in Ukrainian history. He tried to get a job at the history department at Kiev University. The Russian minister of education and Pushkin tried to help him but eventually Gogol couldn’t obtain an appointment at this university.

Gogol’s interest in history was an incitement to him to write a fictional story Taras Bulba where he described Ukrainian Cossacks. At this time Gogol became friends with Mykhaylo Maksymovych who was a naturalist and historian. In 1834 he became Professor of Medieval History at the University of St. Petersburg.

From 1832 to 1836 Gogol worked hard and during this time he was in touch with Pushkin. In April 1836 he presented his comedy The Government Inspector (Revizor). This work was an enormous success and after this event other Russian critics such as Vissarion Belinsky and Stepan Shevyrev reclassified Gogol from a Ukrainian to a Russian writer.

Between 1836 and 1848 Gogol travelled abroad. His tour included a visit to Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy and other countries. In the winter of 1836-1837 Gogol stayed in Paris where he was in touch with Polish exiles and Russian expatriates. He spent a lot of time with the Polish poets Bohdan Zalesky and Adam Mickievicz. Gogol finally moved to Rome where he spent most of his twelve years from 1836. He became interested in Italian literature, opera and art. In 1838 Gogol made the acquaintance of Count Ioseph Vielhorskiy who was 23 years old. He suffered from tuberculosis and Gogol tried to help him but Vielhorskiy died in a year.

In 1837 Pushkin died and this event made a lasting impression on Gogol.  After Pushkin’s death his main work was the satirical epic Dead Souls. At the same time Gogol amended The Portrait and Taras Bulba. Moreover he wrote the second comedy Marriage (Zhenitba) and started working on his noted short story, The Overcoat.

In 1841 Gogol completed the first part of Dead Souls and brought it to Russia. This work was presented in 1842. The censorship insisted on renaming of the book. Eventually it was entitled The Adventures of Chichikov. This work made Gogol famous.

Gogol spent his last years travelling throughout the country. He also spent a lot of time with his friends such as Osyp Bodiansky, Sergei Aksakov, Maksymovych and others. His health declined. In February 1852 Gogol destroyed some of his manuscripts including the second part of Dead Souls. 9 days later he died. Gogol was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.

otvetytut.com

Nikolai Gogol - Николай Гоголь

Nikolai Gogol was born in Sorochintsi, Ukraine, and grew up on his parent’s country estate. His real surname was Ianovskii, but the writer’s grandfather had taken the name «Gogol» to claim a nobel Cossack ancestry. Gogol’s father was an educated and gifted man, who wrote plays, poems, and sketches.

Gogol started write while in high school. He attended Poltava boarding school (1819-1821) and Nezhyn high school (1821-1828). In 1829 he mowed to St. Petersburg. Gogol worked at minor governmental jobs and wrote occasionally for periodicals. Between the years 1831 and 1834 he taught history at the Patriotic Institute and worked as a private tutor.

In 1831, Gogol met Aleksander Pushkin who greatly influenced his choice of literary material, especially his «Dikan’ka Tales», which were based on Ukrainian folklore. Their friendship lasted until the great poet’s death. In 1835, Gogol became a full-time writer.

Under the title «Mirgorod» (1835) Gogol published a new collection of stories. The book included the famous historical tale «Taras Bulba», which showed the influence of Walter Scott. The protagonist is a strong, heroic character, not very typical for the author’s later cavalcade of bureaucrats, lunatics, swindlers, and losers.

«St. Petersburg Stories» (1835) examined disorders of mind and social relationships. «The Nose» was about a man who loses his nose and which tries to live its own life. In «Nevski Prospect» a talented artist falls in love with a tender poetic beauty who turns out to be a prostitute and commits suicide when his dreams are shattered. «The Diary of a Madman» asked why is it that «all the best things in life, they all go to the Equerries or the generals?» «The Overcoat» contrasted humility and meekness with the rudeness of the «important personage».

Gogol published in 1836 several stories in Pushkin’s journal «Sovremennik» and in the same year appeared his famous play, «The Inspector General». It told a simple tale of a young civil servant, Khlestakov, who finds himself stranded in a small provincial town. By mistake, he is taken by the local officials to be a government inspector, who is visiting their province incognito. Khlestakov happily adapts to his new role and exploits the situation, but then arrives the real inspector.

Its first stage production was in St. Petersburg, given in the presence of the tsar. The tsar, as he left his box after the premiere, dropped the comment: «Hmm, what a play! Gets at everyone, and most of all at me!» Gogol, who was always sensitive about reaction to his work, fled Russia for Western Europe. He visited Germany, Switzerland, and France and settled then in Rome. He also made a pilgrimage to Palestine in 1848.

In Rome Gogol wrote his major work, «The Dead Souls». Gogol claimed that the story was suggested by Pushkin in a conversation in 1835. It depicted the adventures Pavel Ivanovich Chichikov, who arrives in a provincial town to buy «dead souls», dead serfs. By selling these «souls» with a cheaply-bought lands, Chichikov planned to make a huge profit. He meets local landowners and departs in a hurry, when rumours start spread about him.

Except for short visits to Russia in 1839-1840 and 1841-1842, Gogol was abroad for twelve years. The first edition of Gogol’s collected works was published in 1842. It made him one of the most popular Russian writers. Two years before his return, Gogol had published «Selected Passages from Correspondence with Friends» (1847), in which he upheld the autocratic tsarist regime and the patriarchal Russian way of life. The book arose disappointment among radicals who had seen Gogol’s works as examples of social criticism. In the play «Marriage» (1842) nearly everybody lies and the protagonist cannot make up his mind about marriage. He hesitates, agrees, then withdraws his promise.

In his later life Gogol came under influence of a fanatical priest, Father Konstantinovskii, and burned sequels for «Dead Souls», just 10 days before he died on the verge of madness on the 4th of March, 1852. Gogol had refused to take any food and various remedies were employed to make him eat. Rumors arise from time to time that Gogol was buried alive.

Николай Гоголь

Николай Гоголь родился в Сорочинцах, на Украине, и рос в родительском загородном имении. Его настоящая фамилия Ивановский, но дедушка писателя взял фамилию «Гоголь», чтобы подчеркнуть свое благородное казацкое происхождение. Отец Гоголя был человеком образованным и талантливым, он писал пьесы, стихотворения и зарисовки.

Гоголь начал писать еще в школе. Он учился в школе в Полтаве (1819-1821) и в Нежине (1821-1828). В 1829 году он переехал в Санкт-Петербурге. Гоголь работал на второстепенных государственных должностях и время от времени писал для периодики. В период между 1831 и 1834 годами он преподавал историю в Патриотическом Институте и давал частные уроки.

В 1831 г. Гоголь встретился с Александром Пушкиным, который серьезно повлиял на писателя в выборе литературного материала, особенно — «Вечеров на хуторе близ Диканьки», основанных на украинском фольклоре. Их дружба продолжалась до смерти великого поэта. В 1835 Гоголь вплотную занялся писательской деятельностью.

Под названием «Миргород» (1835) Гоголь опубликовал новый сборник рассказов. В книгу вошла и историческая повесть «Тарас Бульба», в которой заметно влияние Вальтера Скотта. Главный герой — сильный, героический персонаж, не очень характерный для более поздних работ автора, где отображаются бюрократы, безумцы, плуты и неудачники.

«Петербургские рассказы» (1835) исследовали человеческие отклонения, умственные и социальные. «Нос» был написан о человеке, который потерял свой нос, живущий теперь своей жизнью. В «Невском проспекте» талантливый художник влюбляется в красавицу, которая оказывается проституткой, его мечты разбиваются вдребезги, и он кончает жизнь самоубийством. В «Дневнике сумасшедшего» автор спрашивает, почему «все лучшее в жизни достается конюшим или генералам?». «Шинель» противопоставляет покорность и кротость маленького человека грубости «важной персоны».

В 1836 г. Гоголь опубликовал несколько рассказов в журнале Пушкина «Современник», в этом, же году выходит и знаменитая пьеса «Ревизор». В ней рассказывается история одного молодого чиновника, Хлестакова, который оказался в небольш

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Краткая биография гоголя на английскомпомогите пожалуйста!

Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was born on 20 March 1809 in the village of Sorochyntsi. It was situated in Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire. Now this territory belongs to Ukraine. The ancestors of Gogol’s mother were Polish landowners. It is known that his father, Vasily Gogol-Yanovsky, composed poetry both in Russian and Ukrainian.  He died when Nikolai was fifteen years old. The whole family spoke both Ukrainian and Russian. When Nikolai was a child he helped his uncle with various plays in his home theater.

From 1820 to 1828 Gogol studied at a school of higher art which was located in Nizhyn. At that time he started to write. Gogol did not have many friends at school and some of his classmates called him “mysterious dwarf”. At the same time two or three of his schoolmates became his close friends.

At an early age Gogol developed taciturn temperament which was expressed by distressing self-consciousness and infinite ambition. He additionally developed a faculty for mimicry. Consequently Gogol became an incomparable reader of his writings and had an idea to be an actor.

In 1828 he left the school and moved to St Petersburg. Gogol dreamt of being literary celebrity and brought with him a poem Hans Kuchelgarten. It was later published entitled “V. Alov”. Gogol sent his work to different magazines but most of them ridiculed it. Afterwards he bought all the magazines and destroyed them. After that Gogol swore that he’d never begin writing again.

In 1831Gogol presented Ukrainian stories (Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka). This work was a great success. In a year he presented the second volume of these stories. In 1835 two volumes were in the collection of stories called Mirgorod. During this time Russian critics saw in Gogol the emergence of a Ukrainian, rather than Russian. Afterwards his writings were used for illustrating differences between Ukrainian and Russian national characters. At the same time Gogol became interested in Ukrainian history. He tried to get a job at the history department at Kiev University. The Russian minister of education and Pushkin tried to help him but eventually Gogol couldn’t obtain an appointment at this university.

Gogol’s interest in history was an incitement to him to write a fictional story Taras Bulba where he described Ukrainian Cossacks. At this time Gogol became friends with Mykhaylo Maksymovych who was a naturalist and historian. In 1834 he became Professor of Medieval History at the University of St. Petersburg.

From 1832 to 1836 Gogol worked hard and during this time he was in touch with Pushkin. In April 1836 he presented his comedy The Government Inspector (Revizor). This work was an enormous success and after this event other Russian critics such as Vissarion Belinsky and Stepan Shevyrev reclassified Gogol from a Ukrainian to a Russian writer.

Between 1836 and 1848 Gogol travelled abroad. His tour included a visit to Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy and other countries. In the winter of 1836-1837 Gogol stayed in Paris where he was in touch with Polish exiles and Russian expatriates. He spent a lot of time with the Polish poets Bohdan Zalesky and Adam Mickievicz. Gogol finally moved to Rome where he spent most of his twelve years from 1836. He became interested in Italian literature, opera and art. In 1838 Gogol made the acquaintance of Count Ioseph Vielhorskiy who was 23 years old. He suffered from tuberculosis and Gogol tried to help him but Vielhorskiy died in a year.

In 1837 Pushkin died and this event made a lasting impression on Gogol.  After Pushkin’s death his main work was the satirical epic Dead Souls. At the same time Gogol amended The Portrait and Taras Bulba. Moreover he wrote the second comedy Marriage (Zhenitba) and started working on his noted short story, The Overcoat.

In 1841 Gogol completed the first part of Dead Souls and brought it to Russia. This work was presented in 1842. The censorship insisted on renaming of the book. Eventually it was entitled The Adventures of Chichikov. This work made Gogol famous.

Gogol spent his last years travelling throughout the country. He also spent a lot of time with his friends such as Osyp Bodiansky, Sergei Aksakov, Maksymovych and others. His health declined. In February 1852 Gogol destroyed some of his manuscripts including the second part of Dead Souls. 9 days later he died. Gogol was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.

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N.B Gogol biography на английском языке

N.B Gogol biography на английском языке

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Родился 20 мартa в местечке Великие Сорочинцы Миргородского уезда Полтавской губернии в семье небогатого помещика. Детские годы прошли в имении родителей Васильевке, рядом с селом Диканька, краем легенд, поверий, исторических преданий. В воспитании будущего писателя определенную роль сыграл отец, Василий Афанасьевич, страстный поклонник искусства, любитель театра, автор стихов и остроумных комедий. После домашнего образования Гоголь провел два года в Полтавском уездном училище, затем поступил в Нежинскую гимназию высших наук, созданную по типу Царскосельского лицея для детей провинциального дворянства. Здесь учился играть на скрипке, занимался живописью, играл в спектаклях, исполняя комические роли. Думая о своем будущем, останавливается на юстиции, мечтая "пресекать неправосудие". После окончания Нежинской гимназии в июне 1828 в декабре отправился в Петербург с надеждой начать широкую деятельность. Службу получить не удалось, первые литературные пробы оказались неудачными. Гоголь был похоронен на кладбище Данилова монастыря, после революции его прах был перенесен на Новодевичье кладбище Born in the town of marta 20 Great Sorochintsy Mirgorod district, Poltava province in the family of a poor landowner. Early years were in his parents' estate Vasilevka, near the village of Dikanka, edge legends, beliefs, historical legends. In education the future writer's father played a role, Basil Afanasyevitch passionate art lover, a lover of the theater, the author of poems and witty comedies. After the home education Gogol spent two years in the Poltava district school, then entered the Nezhinskaja high school science, modeled on the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum for children provincial nobility. Here he learned to play the violin, studied painting, he played in performances, playing comic roles. Thinking about your future, stop at the Justice dreaming "stop injustice." After graduating from high school in June Nezhinskaja in December 1828 went to St. Petersburg with the hope to start wide activity. Service was not available, the first literary tests failed. Gogol was buried in the cemetery of the Danilov Monastery, after the Revolution, his remains were moved to the Novodevichy Cemetery.

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