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Презентация страдательный залог в английском языке – Презентация по английскому языку на тему » Пассивный залог»

Презентация "Страдательный залог"

The Passive Voice (страдательный залог) подлежащее не само выполняет действие to be + Vз (V ₁ + ed )

Present: am, is, are + V₃

Past: was, were + V₃

Future: shall/will be + V₃

‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗ ______ ‗‗‗‗‗

? ‗‗‗‗‗‗‗‗ ______ ‗‗‗‗‗ _ _ _ _ _ ?

not

V₃

_

всп.гл.

V₃

всп.гл.

подл.

The Passive Voice in Simple Tenses to be + Vз

Present

Past

am

Future

is + Vз

was

+ Vз

are

were

shall be

will be + Vз

Present Simple Passive

I

This boy

Many factories

New schools

am is are

A big stadium

invited to a party. visited by tourists. asked to recite a poem. sent to Moscow. built in our city. taught to play the piano. seen there every day. much spoken of.

The pupils

Past Simple Passive

Our school

Those houses

This book

These stories

was were

I

asked to go home. visited by a delegation. printed in London. built two years ago. written by him. met by Nick. seen by her. read with interest.

They

Future Simple Passive

The theatre

Two schools I

published next year.

examined by the teacher.

A new film

shall be will be

This book

asked to tell the story.

We

built in our town.

shown there tomorrow.

given the task.

sent to the book-shop.

met by Oleg.

Exercise 1. Fill in the verb is or are.

1. Grammar rules ... always learnt by heart.

2. Rare animals ... protected in many countries.

3. This scarf ... made by my granny.

4. Animals in the reserve ... fed two times a day.

5. The same shirts ... worn by the members of our team.

6. New Russian books ... shown in our library

7. Many Russian towns ... described in this book.

8. Dinner ... always cooked by my mother.

9. This place ... crowded on Sunday.

10. Our village ... surrounded with a forest.

Exercise 2. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную формы.

1. Marmalade is made of oranges. 2. This town was built a century ago. 3. They were invited to a birthday party. 4. The fax was sent yesterday. 5. America was discovered long ago. 6. The book is published. 7. My friend’s car was stolen last night. 8. His winter boots were made in Germany. 9. The building was ruined by the earthquake. 10. Italian is spoken in Italy and on Malta.

Exercise 3. Translate the verbs into English

1. A lot of houses (построено) in London and other towns.

2.When (было написано) this letter?

3. The letter (было написано) 2 days ago.

4. Whom (будет переведена) this article into English by?

5. The article (переведена) yesterday.

6. This question (задают) every day.

7. The students (пригласят) to the concert.

8. The work (закончена) by him quickly.

9. A new stadium in N.N (был построен) last year.

10. The little boy (смотрели) with interest by the people.

Exercise 4. Write true sentences in Passive Voice.

1) BMW cars

2) CDs

grown in India.

3) Tea

4) Modems

sent via satellite.

is

are

5) Cricket

6) TV pictures

played in England.

sold in music shops.

made in Germany.

used to access the Internet.

Exercise 5. Write true sentences in Passive Voice.

The house

The children

invited to the concert

We

brought in the morning

The letter

The newspapers

cooked by my mother

Dinner

The picture

am

is

painted by my friend

The classroom

are

I

cleaned every day

Potatoes

given text-books at School

built of stone

written in English

not allowed to ride a motor-bike.

grown in many countries.

Exercise 6. Choose the correct form of the verb to complete the sentences.

  • I ... (like / am liked) this place.
  • What books by Charles Dickens ... (translated / are translated) into Russian?
  • Who ... (protects / is protected) animals?
  • This city ... (is visited / visited) by many people.
  • Who ... (gives / is given) bad marks in your class?
  • Our house ... (made /is made) of wood.
  • Our holiday ... (is begun / begins) next week.
  • Pupils ... (are given / give) books by the teacher.
  • The holiday...(celebrated/is celebrated) this year.

Exercise 7. Fill in the gaps using the Present Simple Passive Voice

Mushroom and Ham Salad

First, 5 mushrooms … (1 – cut) into small pieces and …(2 — mix) with two cut spring onions. Then, 100 g cooked ham …(3— cut) into fine cubes. Now, mushrooms, onions and ham … (4 — mix) in a bowl. Finally, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice … (5 — mix) with 1 tablespoon of soy sauce and the mixture… (6 — add) to the salad mixture. Enjoy your salad!

Exercise 8. Fill in the gaps using the Present Simple Passive Voice

The news reporter and a camera operator _______ (1 – send) to investigate a news story. People_____ (2 – interview) by a reporter and the interviews ______ (3 – film) by a camera operator. The film ____ (4 – take) back to the TV studio, and the best parts of the film _______ (5 – choose) by the news editor. Finally, the news report ______ (6 – send) to televisions in people's homes and the news _____ (7 – watch) by people all over the country.

Exercise 9. Fill in the gaps using the Present Simple Passive Voice

My motherland is the Republic of Belarus.

My country (1 – situate) in the centre of Europe.

It (2 – make up) of six regions: Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno, Minsk and Mogilev.

Belarus (3 – not wash) by any seas or oceans,

so it (4 – not separate) from other countries by seas and oceans.

Belarus (5 – border) by five countries.

Belarus is mostly flat (плоская). Some uplands can (6 – find) near Minsk and in some districts of Mogilev and Grodno regions. Most of Belarus (7 – cover) by forests. It is a beautiful country with a lot of lakes.

Exercise 10.  Respond to the situations with a negative sentence

Cars are made at this factory, (bicycles)

But bicycles are not made at this factory.

1. Bread is sold in this shop, (milk)

2. Our house is built of wood, (their house)

3. My books are kept on the shelf, (exercise-books )

4. My younger sister is usually given fruit and milk for supper, (my elder brother)

5. Apples are grown in Belarus, (oranges)

6. Glass is made of sand, (paper)

7. My dresses are made by my mother, (jackets)

8. Films are watched by many people, (sports programmes)

9. This apple-tree is planted by me, (that cherry-tree)

10. All the words are always learnt by the pupils, (rules)

Exercise 11. Answer the questions in Simple Present Passive.

  Is football played in the yard?

Yes, it is. It’s sometimes played in the yard.

No, it isn’t. It’s usually played in the field.

Is it played by boys or by girls?

It’s played by boys as a rule.

1 . Are you always given good marks?

2. Is your friend also given good marks?

3. Is your homework always done in time?

4. Are you often given money by your parents?

5. Is chess played by two or three people?

6. Are you often punished at home?

7. Are trees planted in summer or in autumn?

8. Are you shown videos at your English lessons?

9. Are your copy-books collected at the beginning

or at the end of the lesson?

Exercise 12. Ask for more information about the sentences

  The children are left after the lessons.(why,how often)

Why are the children left after the lessons?

How often are the children left after the lessons?

  • The game is won by our school team, (what game)
  • The map is brought from England, (when)
  • My books are not kept on the shelf, (why)
  • School meetings are held every month, (where)
  • The glass is filled with something, (what)
  • Hockey is usually played by boys, (when)
  • Oranges are not grown in Russia, (why)
  • The dinner is not yet served, (why)
  • New rules are explained at the lesson, (by whom)

Exercise 13. Answer the questions

  • Do many tourists come to Britain? (is visited )
  • Where is the ‘garden of England? (is situated)
  • Does it snow in the mountains of Wales? (are covered with)
  • What language do people in Scotland speak? (is spoken)
  • Are there many seas around the country?

(is surrounded by / is washed by)

6. Do they make world-famous crafts and clothes in Scotland? (are made)

7. Do many people know about the beautiful mountains and lakes of Wales? (are known all over the world)

8. Why is the green colour a symbol of Northern Ireland?

(is covered)

Exercise 14. Make up questions in Simple Present Passive.

What

When

the windows

Where

this box

to check up?

to make of?

tea

to protect?

envelopes

Why

your homework

to grow?

rare animals

By whom

to wash?

these houses

to keep?

milk

How

to sell?

dinner

to build?

to serve?

Exercise 15. Write questions to the sentences

1. The park is situated in the centre of the city.

(what, where)

2. The statue is made by a famous sculptor. (disjunctive)

3. Demonstrations are held in this square.

(what, where)

4. The square is planned round the monument. (general)

5. The obelisk is decorated with figures. (how)

6. The tent is put up on a rock. (alternative)

Exercise 16. Change the sentences from Active into Passive.

  • Do they sell shoes in this shop?
  • Do they bring tea from India?
  • Do they teach English at your school?
  • Do they make bicycles at this factory?
  • Do they pay him a lot of money?
  • Where do they sell bananas?

Exercise 17. Translate into English.

  • Слова написаны на доске.
  • Эта книга продается во всех магазинах.
  • Ему часто отправляют письма?
  • Когда приносят газеты?
  • Этот парк всегда показывают туристам.
  • Завтрак не дают в нашей школе.
  • Эти тексты не учат наизусть.

videouroki.net

Презентация к уроку по английскому языку (10 класс) на тему: Презентация по теме "Способы образования страдательного залога"

Слайд 1

The Passive Voice Страдательный залог

Слайд 2

Данная структура присуща многим языкам мира. Она распространена и в русском языке. 2 . Дом будет построен через пять месяцев . 1 . Книга написана Л.Н. Толстым .

Слайд 3

Действие совершается не субъектом, а по отношению к нему. Не книга что-то написала, а, наоборот, о на сама была написана неким автором. Смысл структуры страдательного залога( The Passive Voice) сохраняется и в английском языке.

Слайд 4

The Passive Voice образуется очень просто: Глагол to be + Participle II (3-я форма гл.) The letter was written by my mother.(Past Simple Passive) The letter will be written by my mother.(Future Simple Passive)

Слайд 5

Если в предложении указано лицо, совершающее действие, то оно присоединяется к сказуемому предлогом by . The work was done by my brother

Слайд 6

Перед словом, обозначающим инструмент, материал, вещество, стоит предлог with. The ground was covered with snow.

Слайд 7

Временные формы страдательного залога: Present simple- am/ IS /are written Past Simple- was/were written Future Simple- shall be/ will be written Present Perfect- has/have been written Past Perfect- had been written Present Continuous – is/are being written . Past Continuous- was/were being written .

Слайд 8

Passive Voice отсутствует в: Future Continuous и в группе времен Perfect Continuous

Слайд 9

В английском языке в страдательном залоге употребляются глаголы не только переходные, но и глаголы, требующие косвенного дополнения ( to give, to show, to offer, to tell ) и предложного ( to speak of, to listen to, to look at, to look for, to send for)

Слайд 10

Подлежащее в Passive Voice всегда выражено именительным падежом ( he, she, it, we, you, they).

Слайд 11

Fill in the correct passive tense of the verb in the brackets. It… (build) thousands of years ago. The Great Pyramid of Giza … (visit) by millions of people through the ages. Something… (must/do) soon. My question (answer) yesterday. Nick (send) to Moscow next week. Lost time never (find) again. Rome (not /build) in a day.

Слайд 12

Rewrite the sentences into passive. They will build a new hospital next month The Prime Minister will open the new hospital on Monday. Careless drivers can cause accidents. Aloud noise woke them up last night. They will translate his book into Portuguese. They found the minister guilty of fraud.

nsportal.ru

Презентация к уроку: "Passive Voice. Страдательный залог."

Страдательный залог

Form: 11

Unit 1 , lesson 4

Teacher: Manerko S.S.

  • Страдательный залог (Passive Voice) образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени, лице и числе и причастия прошедшего времени смысл. глагола – Participle II (III –я форма или ed-форма).

Active Voice – подлежащее само выполняет действие:

The boy wrote a poem. – Мальчик написал стихотворение.

Passive Voice употребляется когда неизвестно или неважно, кем выполняется действие – действие производится над подлежащим:

The poem was written by a boy .- Стихотворение было написано мальчиком.

Если указано, кем производится действие, употребляется предлог by.

Вопросительная форма образуется путём переноса первого вспомогательного глагола   на место перед подлежащим , например:

Is the suit press ed ?

Отглажен ли костюм?

Has the house been built ?

Дом построен ?

Will they be request ed to go there?

Их попросят пойти туда?

When will the telegram be sent ?

Когда будет отправлена телеграмма?

How is this word spelt ?

Как пишется/произносится это слово?

Отрицательная форма образуется путем постановки отрицательной частицы not после первого вспомогательного глагола, например:

 

He was not (wasn’t) sent there.

Его туда не посылали .

We were not told that he was ill.

Нам не говорили , что он был болен.

The books have not been sold yet .

(Эти) книги еще не распроданы .

TENSE

Present Simple

ACTIVE

I make a cake

Present Contin.

PASSIVE

Past Simple

I’ m making a cake

A cake is made

I made a cake.

Past Continuous

A cake is being made.

A cake was made.

I was making a cake.

Present Perfect

I have made a cake

Past Perfect

A cake was being made.

Future Simple

I had made a cake.

A cake has been made.

I will make a cake.

Future be going to

A cake had been made.

I ’m going to make a cake.

A cake will be made.

Modal

A cake is going to be made.

I must make a cake.

Modal Perfect

I should have made a cake.

A cake must be made.

A cake should have been made.

She woke up early in the morning. - She was woken from her sleep by his singing.

I deny that, - said Joan. – The decision was denied by my friends.

Jane broke the vase. - The vase was broken by Jane.

1. Some libraries were founded by kings and presidents.

2. This book was published in 1890.

3. This work will be finished in March.

4. This telegram won`t be sent till tomorrow.

5. All my friends are invited to this party.

6. All the reports at the UNO are translated into Chinese.

7. We hope that your lost dog will be found soon.

Say what and when and by whom was invented. Use the table.

1793

1794

Eli Whitney

Charles Wilson

invent

1839

open

Abner Doubleday

cotton jeans

1850

Levi Strauss

the first US museum

play

1876

begin

A.G.Bell

first baseball game

making jeans

invent

telephone

1879

Thomas Edison

1893

invent

Henry Ford

1895

electric bulb

1923

build

1923

Vladimir Zvorykin

play

the first car

professional

football

revolutionize

1928

Charles Birdseye

1938

television

introduce

fast frozen food

broadcast

1947

1 st TV program

introduce

nylon

invent

transistors

  • They have arrested him for shoplifting.
  • People in Chile speak Spanish.
  • They are repairing your car now.
  • Solar power drives this car.
  • The Chinese invented paper.

He has been arrested for shoplifting.

Spanish is spoken in Chile.

Your car is being repaired now.

This car is driven by solar power.

Paper was invented by the Chinese.

  • They have arrested him for shoplifting.
  • People in Chile speak Spanish.
  • They are repairing your car now.
  • Solar power drives this car.
  • The Chinese invented paper.

He has been arrested for shoplifting.

Spanish is spoken in Chile.

Your car is being repaired now.

This car is driven by solar power.

Paper was invented by the Chinese.

  • Мне расскажу т I will be told
  • Мне рассказывают I am told
  • Мне рассказали I was told
  • Мне покажут I will be shown
  • Мне показывают I am shown
  • Мне показали I was shown
  • Нас спросили We were asked
  • Нас спрашивают We are asked
  • Нас спросят We will be asked
  • Нам ответили We were answered
  • Нам отвечают We are answered
  • Нам ответят We will be answered
  • Ему помогли He was helped
  • Ему помогают He is helped
  • Ему помогут He will be helped
  • 1. My question (to answer) yesterday.
  • My question was answered yesterday.
  • 2. Hockey (to play) in winter.
  • Hockey is played in winter.
  • 3. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn.
  • Mushrooms are gathered in autumn.
  • 4. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London.
  • Many houses were burnt during the Great Fire of London.
  • 5. His new book (to finish) next year.
  • His new book will be finished next year .
  • 6. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets .
  • Flowers are sold in shops and in the streets .
  • 7. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.
  • St. Petersburg was founded in 1703.
  • 8. Bread (to eat) every day.
  • Bread is eaten every day.
  • 9. The letter (to receive) yesterday.
  • The letter was received yesterday.

Тест : 1. Окно разбито . а ) The window is broken. b) The window was broken. c) The window will be broken. 2. Окно было разбито . а ) The window is broken. b) The window was broken. c) The window will be broken. 3. Окно будет разбито . а ) The window is broken. b) The window was broken. c) The window will be broken. 4. Камень брошен . а ) The stone is thrown. b) The stone was thrown. c) The stone will be thrown.

5. Фильм будет просмотрен . a) The film was seen. b) The film will be seen. c) The film is seen. 6. Дом будет построен . a) The house will be built. b) The house is built. c) The house was built. 7. Дом строится . a) The house is built. b) The house is being built. c) The house was built. 8. Дом строился какое - то время . a) The house is being built. b) The house was being built. c) The house was built.

9. Статья прочитана . a) The article is read. b) The article was read. c) The article was being read. 10. Статья читается . a) The article is read. b) The article is being read. c) The article was read. 11. Статья была прочитана . a) The article was read. b) The article is read. c) The article was being read. 12. Статья читалась в течение какого - то времени . a) The article was read. b) The article is read. c) The article was being read.

Keys: 1) a; 2) b; 3)c; 4)a; 5) b; 6)a; 7) b; 8)b; 9) a; 10) b; 11) a; 12) c

multiurok.ru

Действительный и страдательный залог в английском языке

The Active and Passive voice

Действительный и страдательный залог

ЗАЛОГ -

это форма глагола, которая показывает: сам предмет или лицо производит действие (действительный залог) или действие производится над предметом или лицом (страдательный залог).

Если подлежащее обозначает лицо или предмет, совершающий действие , то глагол употребляется в форме действительного залога: The sun attracts the planets. Солнце притягивает планеты. Pushkin wrote “Poltava” in 1828. Пушкин написал «Полтаву» в 1828

Если же подлежащее обозначает лицо или предмет, подвергающийся действию со стороны другого лица или предмета, то глагол употребляется в форме страдательного залога:

The planets are attracted by the sun. Планеты притягиваются солнцем.

“ Poltava” was written by Pushkin in 1828. «Полтава» была написана

Пушкиным в 1828 году.

В страдательном залоге часто не упоминается, кем или с помощью чего было совершено действие, но если такая информация нужна, то используются предлоги by (кем) или with (с помощью чего).

The job was done by Ann. – Работа была сделана Аней.

The letter was written with a pen. – Письмо было написано ручкой.

Образование времен страдательного залога

Времена страдательного залога образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени и формы причастия прошедшего времени ( Past Participle) смыслового глагола.

Таким образом, при спряжении глагола в страдательном залоге изменяется только глагол to be , смысловой же глагол имеет во всех временах одну и ту же форму – Past Participle.

Следовательно, время, в котором стоит глагол в страдательном залоге, определяется формой, в которой стоит вспомогательный глагол to be :

Indefinite

Present

Continuous

I am invited

Past

Perfect

Future

I am being invited

I was invited

Future in

The Past

I shall be invited

I was being invited

I have been invited

I had been invited

_

I should be invited

I shall have been invited

_

I should have been invited

Underline the passive fofm of the verbs. Translate into Russian.

  • 1. The car was bought last month. –
  • 2. The letter were sent yesterday. –
  • 3. The keys weren’t found. –
  • 4. Where was the treasure hidden? –
  • 5. Was anything lost two days ago? –
  • 6. What was done by you last year? –
  • 7. The book was stolen, wasn’t it? –
  • 8. helory was killed by the Romans. –

Гелори был убит Римлянами.

Книга была украдена, не так ли?

Что было сделано тобой в прошлом году?

Письмо было отправлено вчера.

Было что-то потеряно 2 дня назад?

Машина была куплена в прошлом месяце.

Ключи не были найдены.

Где было спрятано сокровище?

Отметьте знаком (+) предложения, в которых действие совершалось лицом или предметом, и знаком (-) предложения, в которых действие совершалось над лицом или предметом.

  • 1. The wind broke the window.
  • 2. The window was broken by the wind.
  • 3. The dog due a hole.
  • 4. The hole was dug by the dog.
  • 5. The bag wasn’t found.
  • 6. He didn’t find his bag.
  • 7. the Normans attacked the English.
  • 8. The English were attacked by the Normans.
  • 9. When was paper invented by the Chinese?
  • 10. When did the Chinese invent paper?
  • 11. Why did they do it?
  • 12. New computer programmes were used in this proect?
  • 13. he used a new programme in the proect.

+

-

+

-

-

+

+

-

-

+

+

-

+

H/w: Workbook p.17-18 Ex.3, 5, 7.

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Презентация на тему The Passive Voice (Страдательный залог) 9 класс

Презентацию на тему The Passive Voice (Страдательный залог) 9 класс можно скачать абсолютно бесплатно на нашем сайте. Предмет презентации : Английский язык. Красочные слайды и илюстрации помогут вам заинтересовать своих одноклассников или аудиторию. Для просмотра содержимого презентации воспользуйтесь плеером, или если вы хотите скачать презентацию - нажмите на соответствующий текст под плеером. Презентация содержит 9 слайдов.

Слайд 1

The Passive Voice

Аглиуллина Илюза Минталибовна учитель английского языка МБОУ «СОШ №45 с углубленным изучением отдельных предметов» г. Набережные Челны Республика Татарстан

Слайд 2

Залог – это форма глагола, которая показывает: сам предмет или лицо выполняют действие (действительный залог) или действие производится над предметом или лицом (страдательный залог). Например: Ann painted a picture yesterday. (Active voice) The picture was painted by Ann yesterday. (Passive voice)

Слайд 3

Страдательный залог образуется с помощью глагола-помощника и 3 формы смыслового глагола, которая остаётся неизменной.

S

Слайд 4

1) Прочитай предложение и переведи его на русский язык. 2) Найди в предложении дополнение. 3) Перескажи предложение на русском языке, сделав дополнение подлежащим. 4) Определи грамматическое время глагола и выбери нужную форму глагола-связки to be. Составь предложение в пассиве. 5) Если нужна информация, кем или с помощью чего было совершено действие, используй предлоги by (кем) или with (чем).

Как работать над пассивом:

Слайд 5

Transform the sentences. Use the Passive Voice. 1. My mother washes our clothes on Saturdays. 2. The pupil on duty will clean the blackboard during the break. 3. Vasnetsov painted nice pictures. 4. Mr Bell listens to the radio in the evenings. 5. We take tests in English regularly. 6. I will visit my relatives next week. 7.Helen collected her classmates’ photos for her new album. 8. They built the theater in 1970. 9. The mechanic will fix the car tomorrow. 10. I gave a nice present to my friend on his birthday.

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Слайд 6

Одной конструкции в действительном залоге могут соответствовать две в страдательном, т.е. прямое и косвенное дополнение могут стать подлежащими с глаголами:

to pay - платить to offer - предлагать to send – посылать to promise - обещать to give – давать to show - показывать to tell - рассказывать to leave – оставлять

Например: The teacher gave

him a book.

косвенное дополнение кому?

прямое дополнение что?

Слайд 7

Переведи: I was phoned yesterday. We were shown a film. You were sent a letter. They were told a story. Kate was offered help.

Мне позвонили вчера.

Нам показали фильм.

Тебе послали письмо.

Им рассказали историю.

Кате предложили помощь.

Слайд 8

В страдательной конструкции с предложным дополнением предлог сохраняет своё место после глагола. Например: They sent for the doctor. The doctor was sent for.

Make passive constructions. Use the verbs: to laugh at – смеяться над to send for - посылать за to wait for – ждать to look for - искать to refer to – ссылаться на to listen to - слушать

Somebody laughs at my sister. We waited for the librarian Scientists often refer to this book. Everybody will listen to the lecture. Somebody sent for Mike’s parents. They look for this game everywhere.

Слайд 9

My mother makes tasty every Sunday.

cakes

Моя мама печёт вкусные торты каждое воскресенье.

Вкусные торты выпекаются каждое воскресенье.

Tasty cakes are made every Sunday.

Tasty cakes are made by my mother every Sunday.

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